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Hydrogen Compressors Market

Published Date : Jul 2024 | Forecast Year : 2019

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Hydrogen Compressors Market Size, Share, Industry Trends Segmentation Analysis, By Type (Reciprocating Compressors, Diaphragm Compressors, Ionic Liquid Compressors, Turbo Compressors, Metal Hydride Compressors), By Application (Fueling Stations, Industrial Gas Processing, Energy Storage, Chemical Production, Metallurgy) Growth, Demand, Regional Outlook, and Forecast 2024- 2032

Report ID: AG968

Published : Jul 2024

Pages : 130

Category : Energy & Power

Format : Hydrogen Compressors Market

REPORT ATTRIBUTEDETAILS
MARKET SIZE (2032)USD 2.5 Billion
MARKET SIZE (2023)USD 1.2 Billion
CAGR (2023-2029)8.7%
HISTORIC YEAR2019
BASE YEAR2023
FORECAST YEAR2032
BY TYPEReciprocating Compressors
Diaphragm Compressors
Ionic Liquid Compressors
Turbo Compressors
Metal Hydride Compressors
BY APPLICATIONFueling Stations
Industrial Gas Processing
Energy Storage
Chemical Production
Metallurgy
GEOGRAPHIC ANALYSISNorth America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa
KEY PLAYERSAtlas Copco, Burckhardt Compression, PDC Machines Inc., Nel Hydrogen, Gardner Denver, Howden Group, Neuman & Esser Group, Ariel Corporation, Hitachi Ltd., Sauer Compressors, IHI Corporation, Mitsui E&S Holdings Co., Ltd., Siemens AG, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd., Hydro-Pac, Inc., FuelCell Energy, Inc., Trillium Energy, HyET Hydrogen, Fluitron, Inc., Kobelco Compressors Corporation.

Introduction

Hydrogen compressors are vital components in hydrogen infrastructure, allowing for the compression of hydrogen gas for storage, transportation, and use in various applications. As the global shift towards clean energy continues, hydrogen is becoming increasingly important as a versatile and sustainable energy carrier. Hydrogen compressors are crucial in supporting the hydrogen economy, particularly in sectors such as fuel cell vehicles, industrial processes, and renewable energy storage. The market for hydrogen compressors is rapidly expanding due to increased investments in hydrogen production and infrastructure, technological advancements, and supportive government policies. These compressors are essential for the efficient and safe handling of hydrogen, contributing to the broader goal of reducing carbon emissions and achieving energy transition. 

Global Market Overview

The global hydrogen compressors market is experiencing significant growth, driven by the growing adoption of hydrogen as a clean energy source. In 2023, the market was valued at approximately USD 1.2 billion and is projected to reach USD 2.5 billion by 2032, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 8.7%. This growth is fueled by increased investments in hydrogen infrastructure, advancements in hydrogen production technologies, and supportive government policies aimed at reducing carbon emissions. The Asia-Pacific region, particularly countries like China, Japan, and South Korea, leads the market due to substantial investments in hydrogen projects and robust government initiatives. Europe and North America are also significant markets, with a growing focus on green hydrogen and renewable energy integration. Key applications of hydrogen compressors include fuel cell vehicles, industrial processes, and energy storage. While challenges such as high initial costs and technical complexities persist, ongoing innovations and strategic collaborations are addressing these issues.

Key Players 

  • Atlas Copco
  • Burckhardt Compression
  • PDC Machines Inc.
  • Nel Hydrogen
  • Gardner Denver
  • Howden Group
  • Neuman & Esser Group
  • Ariel Corporation
  • Hitachi Ltd.
  • Sauer Compressors
  • IHI Corporation
  • Mitsui E&S Holdings Co., Ltd.
  • Siemens AG
  • Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd.
  • Hydro-Pac, Inc.
  • FuelCell Energy, Inc.
  • Trillium Energy
  • HyET Hydrogen
  • Fluitron, Inc.
  • Kobelco Compressors Corporation

Market Segmentation

By Type: Reciprocating Compressors, Diaphragm Compressors, Ionic Liquid Compressors, Turbo Compressors, Metal Hydride Compressors

By Application: Fueling Stations, Industrial Gas Processing, Energy Storage, Chemical Production, Metallurgy

By End User: Transportation, Chemical Industry, Oil & Gas, Power Generation, Others

Government Policies and Incentives Supporting Hydrogen Infrastructure

Examine how government policies and incentives are driving the adoption of hydrogen compressors. Discuss specific programs and initiatives in key regions and their impact on market dynamics.

Challenges and Solutions in Hydrogen Compression

Identify the main challenges in hydrogen compression, including safety concerns, technical complexities, and cost barriers. Explore innovative solutions and best practices to address these challenges.

Market Dynamics

Drivers

Significant investments in renewable energy in developing countries

Renewable energy investments often involve financing the construction of hydrogen production facilities, such as electrolyzers or reforming plants. Most of the hydrogen produced is in low pressure form. Hydrogen compressors are utilized to raise its pressure for storage, transportation, and distribution purposes. According to the International Energy Agency's World Energy Investment Report 2023, global energy investment is projected to reach USD 2.8 trillion in 2023, marking a nearly 15% increase from 2021 and restoring overall investment levels to pre-crisis standards. The allocation has shifted towards renewable energy investment compared to traditional fuel investment in 2022. Over USD 1.7 trillion will be directed towards renewable energy, encompassing renewable electricity, nuclear, grids, storage, low-emission fuels, efficiency enhancements, and end-use renewables and electrification. The remaining funds, slightly over USD 1 trillion, will be utilized to sustain fossil fuel supply and power, with coal accounting for approximately 15% and oil and gas accounting for the rest. Investments in renewable energy contribute to the overall expansion of the hydrogen economy. As the demand for hydrogen rises across various sectors, including industry, transportation, and power generation, the necessity for hydrogen compressors to support storage and distribution infrastructure grows. Governments worldwide are providing incentives, grants, and subsidies to bolster renewable energy and hydrogen-related projects. Financial backing fosters the establishment of hydrogen infrastructure, leading to an increased demand for hydrogen compressors.

Restraints

High maintenance cost of hydrogen compressors

The high cost of maintaining hydrogen compressors presents a significant challenge. Compressors play a crucial role in the safe and efficient transportation of hydrogen throughout the value chain. Unlike other industrial gases, such as methane or carbon dioxide, compressing hydrogen poses unique technical obstacles. While reciprocating compressors are commonly used in hydrogen applications, they have limitations in gas flow capacity, especially at low suction pressures. Additionally, these compressors have higher operating and maintenance expenses compared to rotating turbo compressors. When considering the lifecycle costs of a compressor, factors such as initial investment, lifetime maintenance costs, and lifetime energy costs must be taken into account. Energy consumption alone makes up nearly 88% of a compressor's 10-year life span cost. Furthermore, hydrogen compressors, particularly oil-free options, often come with a high upfront cost, which may discourage potential buyers, especially in developing countries or cost-sensitive applications.

Opportunities

Hydrogen Compressors Market

Size, by Product, - (USD Billion)

Reciprocating Compressors

Diaphragm Compressors

Ionic Liquid Compressors

Turbo Compressors

Other Products

18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0

The Market will Grow

At the CAGR of:

8.7%

The Forecast Market

Size for in USD:

$2.5 BillionB

b0d51e3055fd6f23ff6a384a6e091406.svg

Expansion of hydrogen fueling infrastructure

Hydrogen fueling infrastructure expansion opportunities are on the rise due to the increasing adoption of fuel cell vehicles. The use of hydrogen in road transportation saw a significant growth of about 45% in 2022 compared to the previous year. With the global stock of fuel cell electric vehicles reaching approximately 59,000 in 2022, a 15% increase from 2021, the market is expanding. Notably, Korea contributed to about two-thirds of the 15,000 fuel cell cars sold in 2022. China remains a key player in hydrogen usage for heavy-duty vehicle transportation, with over 4,100 fuel cell buses on the road, representing more than 85% of the market. Looking ahead, the market for fuel cell trucks is expected to grow outside of China, driven by regulations like the Advanced Clean Truck Regulation in California and global initiatives promoting zero-emission vehicles. Initiatives like H2Accelerate in Europe aim to facilitate the use of hydrogen in long-haul heavy-duty trucks by bringing together key industry players. The growth of fuel cell vehicle deployment should be accompanied by the development of supporting infrastructure, with more than 730 hydrogen refueling stations in operation globally in 2021, led by Japan, China, and South Korea.

Challenges

Lack of infrastructure to hinder hydrogen markets

The lack of infrastructure poses a significant challenge to the hydrogen market, particularly in terms of promoting robust hydrogen markets. As the demand for green hydrogen continues to grow globally, the deficiencies in infrastructure hinder the smooth integration of hydrogen compressor technology into broader energy systems. The deployment of hydrogen compressors is intricately linked to the establishment of a hydrogen infrastructure. The limited presence of hydrogen refueling stations and distribution networks can impede the widespread acceptance of hydrogen as a transportation fuel. The International Energy Agency (IEA) reported that two million electric cars were sold worldwide in the first quarter of 2022, with this number expected to rise substantially in the future. Despite the environmental benefits of hydrogen cars, the lack of refueling infrastructure is constraining their market expansion. Failure to enhance hydrogen technology on a global scale may result in electric cars replacing it. Companies like Toyota, Hyundai, and Honda are also developing electric vehicles to adapt to potential market shifts. Resolving this infrastructure shortfall necessitates collaborative efforts from governments, industry players, and investors. Strategic planning, significant investments, and the implementation of policy frameworks that promote the development of a comprehensive hydrogen infrastructure are crucial in overcoming this obstacle. As the hydrogen compressor market strives for widespread acceptance, bridging the infrastructure gap is essential to ensuring the seamless and efficient integration of hydrogen compressors into the ever-evolving landscape of clean energy solutions.

Value Chain Analysis

Suppliers of Raw Materials: Provide essential materials such as steel, valves and gaskets for the production of compressors.

Manufacturers: design and manufacture hydrogen compressors.

Distributors: supply compressors to various end users.

Service providers: provide installation, maintenance and technical support services.

End users: industries using hydrogen compressors such as transportation, chemical industry and power generation.

Hydrogen Compressors Market

Share, by end user, (USD Billion)

Analytica Global 1.2 Billion%

Fueling Stations

Industrial Gas Processing

Energy Storage

Chemical Production

Other End-Users

b0d51e3055fd6f23ff6a384a6e091406.svg

2.5 Billion

Total Market Size

USD (Billion),

8.7%

CAGR

-

Supply chain analysis

Effective supply chain management is critical and includes:

Procurement: Procurement of quality materials and components.

Production: production of reliable and efficient hydrogen compressors.

Distribution: Logistics and distribution networks to deliver compressors to end users.

Maintenance and Support: Providing after-sales services to ensure system reliability and longevity.

Porter's Five Forces Analysis

Threat of New Entrants: Moderate, due to high capital investment and technical expertise required.

Bargaining Power of Suppliers: Low to moderate, as multiple suppliers exist for raw materials and components.

Bargaining Power of Buyers: Moderate, with buyers demanding high-efficiency and cost-effective solutions.

Threat of Substitutes: Low, given the unique role of hydrogen compressors in the hydrogen economy.

Industry Rivalry: High, with numerous established players and increasing competition.

Strategic Collaborations and Partnerships in the Hydrogen Sector

Explore the importance of strategic collaborations and partnerships in expanding the hydrogen compressor market. Discuss successful examples and the benefits of such collaborations for companies and end users.

Future Trends and Market Projections for Hydrogen Compressors

Provide a comprehensive outlook on future trends and market projections for hydrogen compressors. Discuss anticipated technological advancements, regulatory changes, and market dynamics shaping the industry.

Recent Development

April 2024: MITSUI E&S Co. Ltd announced the beginning of the sale of high-flow hydrogen compressors tailored for hydrogen station facilities and hydrogen production equipment. The compressor can compress hydrogen to up to 50 MPa at a flow rate of 95 kg/h.

In October 2023, Atlas Copco Compressors is partnering with Hoffman & Hoffman to develop a new distributor agreement for Atlas Copco's whole line of industrial process cooling solutions. Hoffman & Hoffman will exclusively represent the product line throughout South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, and Tennessee.

August 2023: Sundyne announced four new standard PPI diaphragm compressor packages designed to make it more comfortable, faster, and more cost-effective to purchase, deploy, and maintain PPI hydrogen compressors. The new compressor packages cover a pressure range from 20 bar (290 psi) suction to 550 bar (8,000 psi) discharge, with flows from 10 kg/hr (22 lbs/hr) up to 60 kg/hr (132 lbs/hr). Each package can be delivered in compliance with North American or European requirements.

Hydrogen Compressors Market

Size, by Product, - (USD Billion)

NORTH AMERICA $ 24

The Market will Grow

At the CAGR of:

8.7%

The Forecast Market

Size for in USD:

$2.5 BillionB

b0d51e3055fd6f23ff6a384a6e091406.svg

Conclusion

The hydrogen compressors market is poised for strong growth, fueled by the worldwide shift towards clean energy and the increasing importance of hydrogen as a sustainable energy carrier. Technological progress and favorable government policies are crucial factors that improve the effectiveness and affordability of hydrogen compressors. Despite obstacles such as high initial expenses and technical intricacies, continuous innovations and strategic partnerships are tackling these challenges, paving the way for wider acceptance. The market's prospects depend on capitalizing on these advancements and expanding into emerging regions with substantial potential for hydrogen projects. By supporting a variety of applications ranging from fuel cell vehicles to industrial processes, hydrogen compressors play a critical role in the hydrogen economy, making a significant contribution to global sustainability objectives and the transition to a low-carbon future.

FAQs

1. What are hydrogen compressors?

Ans: Hydrogen compressors are devices used to compress hydrogen gas for storage, transportation, and various applications. They play a crucial role in hydrogen infrastructure, enabling efficient and safe handling of hydrogen.

2. How do hydrogen compressors work?

Ans: Hydrogen compressors work by reducing the volume of hydrogen gas, thereby increasing its pressure. This process allows for efficient storage and transportation of hydrogen in compressed form.

3. What are the main types of hydrogen compressors?

Ans: The main types include reciprocating compressors, diaphragm compressors, ionic liquid compressors, turbo compressors, and metal hydride compressors. Each type has specific applications and advantages.

4. What are the key applications of hydrogen compressors?

Ans: Key applications include fueling stations for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, industrial gas processing, energy storage, chemical production, and metallurgy.

5. What are the benefits of using hydrogen compressors?

Ans: Benefits include efficient storage and transportation of hydrogen, support for renewable energy integration, reduction of carbon emissions, and facilitation of the hydrogen economy.

6. What are the challenges associated with hydrogen compressors?

Ans: Challenges include high initial costs, technical complexities in handling and compressing hydrogen safely, and limited infrastructure in some regions.

7. How do government policies support the hydrogen compressor market?

Ans: Government policies and incentives, such as subsidies and grants, promote the adoption of hydrogen compressors by reducing financial barriers and encouraging investment in hydrogen infrastructure.

8. What is the expected growth of the hydrogen compressor market?

Ans: The market is expected to grow significantly, with a projected value of USD 2.5 billion by 2030, driven by increasing adoption of hydrogen as a clean energy source and supportive government policies.

Hydrogen Compressors Market TO (USD BN)

Hydrogen Compressors Market

CAGR OF

8.7%

Hydrogen Compressors Market

b0d51e3055fd6f23ff6a384a6e091406.svg
Analytica Global 2.5 Billion%

Hydrogen Compressors Market - Global Outlook & Forecast 2024-2029

Analytica Global
Analytica Global
Analytica Global
Analytica Global
Analytica Global
Analytica Global
Analytica Global
Analytica Global
Analytica Global
Analytica Global
Analytica Global
Analytica Global

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